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bad hay for horses

Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes is a good way to manage these horses, but only soak hay if your preferred hay isn’t available. Nutrient loss from soaking can be accounted for by looking at dry matter. Some grasses like Brome and Timothy ae flexible with cutting and don’t lose nutritional value quickly. Add a layer of tarp and shavings on top to prevent this. Soaking hay in water is a common way to care for horses diagnosed with one of the following. Feed soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth. Most people can start to detect mold around 500,000 cfu/g. If your hay is between 500,000 and 1 million cfu/g of mold, use precaution by pulling flakes apart before feeding, feeding outside or in a well-ventilated area, using a hay net to restrict the horses ability to bury their nose into the hay, and wetting the hay to reduce the amount of mold spores inhaled. The digestive system of a horse needs time to adjust to changes whether it be grain or hay, so be sure to add just a little bit of new with the old and switch over slowly. Because of the high fiber content, grass hay is a convenient solution for these easy keepers since it can satisfy the horse’s appetite, without adding extra calories and protein. Most of these have been tested for safety with cattle, but may or may not have been tested on horses. Sign In Although soaking hay longer further reduced NSC content, we don’t recommend it. Changes in forage quality during harvest and storage. Generally, a mixed grass bale will work best for most horses. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Taking the horse off the hay is the best treatment. To avoid having your horses inhale mold spores, Van Saun recommends feeding hay to horses outside and placing the hay at a low level, making it less likely that mold products will be inhaled. Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. Bad horse hay? Newly cut hay is going to be much richer than last years cut, and if it comes from a different source/field will also have a different make up to the previous hay you have fed. Learn to identify these plants in your pastures and yards and be sure to remove them as soon as possible to keep your horses safe. As your horse spends hours with his nose in hay for much of the year, it is not surprising that he might be affected in this manner. … Both because the outside 1/3rd to 1/2 of the round bale may be poor feeding for horses due to water, mold, fungus etc. Rambo, yes, nets *on the ground* are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses. The small squares are naturally much easier to handle, maybe a little more expensive because there is so much more labor required, but overall it’s probably a better choice, in my opinion. Horses consume 2-2.5% of their body weight in dry matter daily. Many of these situations are avoidable, so here are, in my opinion, “The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay Making,” in no particular order. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%.  There are lots of tools to help you ascertain the exact percentage of moisture in your hay including hay wands and moisture testers. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Grass hay is also a good hay choice for “easy keepers”, meaning horses that easily gain weight or struggle to keep their weight down, especially ponies or miniature horses. Horses consuming sorghum hay for long periods may develop chronic cyanide poisoning that causes nerve degeneration in the hind legs, urinary tract, bladder, and rectum. "If the horse is receiving enough calories to meet its requirements from the forage being fed then no oats are needed and no oats should be fed." This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Alfalfa hay is leafy, significantly higher in protein, depending on the hay maturity usually lower in fiber, and more easily digested than Bermuda grass hay. While you might think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not the case. Hay that is baled with too much moisture will also ‘dust’. Reducing the horse’s protein intake (thus reducing the nitrogen intake) will influence the bacteria population in the gut, which is one of the reasons horse owners are always encouraged to make diet changes gradually. First Cut Versus Second Cut. Animal Feed Sci. Both of these forages are naturally high in K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option. Too much protein is not necessarily good for horses, while for dairy cows it is beneficial. Straw often gets “bad press” in the context of gastric ulcers as one study by researchers in Denmark, found that a horse eating straw as the sole or predominant forage source was 4.5 times more likely to have gastric ulcers. Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse to over eat or have a reaction to grass hay. Timothy: The best Timothy hay … Store it with string side on the vertical to facilitate good drainage of any moisture to the bottom bales on the stack. During very bad years, when floods, fires and other natural or man-made disasters occur, hay can be in short supply. For highest ‘sweetness’ the perfect time to cut hay is around 10 a.m. Equine Chronicle ® All Rights Reserved. Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. My one mare is a clutz who will hurt herself on whatever there's a possibility to do so on - I stopped using nets on the ground when I first got her because of that - think that's what caused the rope burn to her back pastern - until I got a hay ring. If you store on a concrete floor, moisture will aspirate off the concrete up into the stack, so avoid that. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. Short-Stem Situations Many horse owners appreciate the management benefits of hay cubes and pellets because they take up … When hay is on the ground, the horse eats with his head and neck in a natural grazing position. Authors: Krishona Martinson, Equine Extension specialist; Marcia Hathaway, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Hans-Joachim Jung, adjunct professor emeritus, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Craig Sheaffer, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Jennifer Earing, former postdoctoral student, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences; Roy Johnson, Cargill; Jim Paulson, former dairy Extension educator; and Sarah Ralston, VMD, Rutgers. Yes, farmers are becoming high tech each year. Cool-season grasses include orchard grass, timothy, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass. Never try and take apart a hay stack that is in a combustion state however ‘mild’ it may appear without professional help. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. Rely on forage tests before and after soaking to decide which type of hay is best for your horse especially with a horse that has laminitis, PSSM, HYPP or COPD. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. If your hay dealer delivers you weedy hay, hay that is brown, hay that is dusty, hay that is of poor quality in general, then find another source. 7. Probably the very worst way to store hay is in a steel container. A farmer values regular customers and it is a win/win situation as he will always supply his regular customers as a priority in times of shortage. While soaking reduces K, neither alfalfa or orchardgrass is a good option for HYPP horses. When grass is not available, hay may make up the largest part of a horse's diet. Soaking didn’t affect crude protein content. it is bad, tastes bad, and is NO god for mares in foal. When you cut a field of hay you might run over a fawn, rabbits, birds, snakes, rodents and a myriad of other critters. Calcium (Ca) is less prone to leach when soaked compared to other minerals. Dust stays at ground level, so less goes in the horse's nose and airways. Hay Preservatives Very dusty hay is sign of mold and is not safe for use. 1. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. For example, if the hay contained mold there is some chance the horse ingested enough to cause digestive upset. Hay that gets wet on the field may be dried and baled and many farmers do this. In Proceedings, ENSP Annual Symptoms. Stacking hay that is baled is much, much heavier. If you have a hay mall, then do whatever you can to increase air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed. Some balers even read every bale as they go through the machine. Again, this improves air flow and improves safety of the stack and hopefully prevents it from tumbling down. Alfalfa and orchardgrass need to soak for 60 minutes to reduce K to recommended levels prior to feeding HYPP horses. In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. Some reports show that horses fed millet hay may show symptoms of lameness and joint swelling. 360 pages. Soaking hay is a cumbersome, messy, and time consuming process. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. yes, dusty/moldy hay can turn a grand prix horse into a horse that not even a person who wants a "pet" will take. The longer the soaking, the more Ca leached from alfalfa bud and vegetative orchardgrass hays. 1996; 57: 357-358. 1994; 828-868. Effects of soaking hay fodder for horses on dust and mineral content. Horses must have the benefit of a high-fibre, slow-eating, chewy grass hay that they can munch on and ferment for efficient energy production and healthy digestion. Krook L, Maylin GA. Fractures in Thoroughbred race horses. The situation is, my three horses have been eating the bermuda hay for months and they are fine. This may be relevant if you run a horse rescue and have horses that are not used to richness in hay where it might make them sick, or for horses suffering from Cushings or other metabolic disorders.  Just as when you shop for your own food, you hopefully are aware of its provenance as much as possible, it pays to apply the same rule for your horse hay. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. There are many types of grasses, timothy, orchard etc. In Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Good quality hay is soft, green and pleasant smelling. Hay quality is directly tied to horse health as hay makes up the bulk of a horse’s diet. Just remember, if you are throwing hay away because of poor quality, you will not be saving money because you found a cheap product price. Straw is the dead and dried remains of… 2. What hay is best for horses? 4727 NW 80th Ave. • Ocala, FL 34482 • 352 369 1104 • FAX 352 369 1521 2009; 727-740. Checking hay in bright light should reveal if it is edible for horses. Humid weather can also cause the rapid onset of mold. Privacy Policy | Questions, please contact The Equine Chronicle Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse… 1997; 18:11 731-735. The wastage factor is high. Horses that have allergies and are sensitive to the natural dust and particles in hay can benefit significantly from wetting or soaking hay. Hay allows us to keep horses in climates and conditions not natural to horses. Opening up the stack that is suspected by smell or heat measurement of combustion being imminent can cause a blow up as oxygen hits the fire or the gases that build up inside the stack. “Too much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found in discussions regarding alfalfa hay for horses. Which Hay? The First, if you have only a few horses, the round hay bale can lie in the feeder for a long time. Soaking reduced magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) levels in all hay types. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Heaves. and because the horses will trample it as they pull it out the feeder. Simply put, it saves time waiting for Mother Nature to dry the hay, will reduce dust in the hay which will result as hay ‘sweats up’ then cools down if it baled with too much moisture. Look out for chewed up balls of forage accumulating at the bottom of the hay net and quidding where the horse spills and drops feed as they chew. Dry matter loss was similar among the hay types after soaking for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. Frank N. Insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome. Many horse owners are aware, alfalfa has been blamed (justly or unjustly) for problems associated with horse health. In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and ... 3. Due to a bad hay crop, University of Missouri-Columbia veterinarians are reporting an increased number of horses with chronic selenosis and vitamin E deficiency, problems that can be fatal. Animal Sci 1996; 63: 337-342. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species). If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. Criss cross the stack, i.e. Personally, unless it is a thoroughbred mare in foal or a high performance thoroughbred cross, I rarely use second cut for horses. A number of research trials have confirmed removal of carbohydrates from hay by soaking in either 30 minutes of warm or 60 minutes in cold tap water. You are adding moisture from the repeated condensation of the metal sides and roof and floor of the steel container. NE Robinson and KA Sprayberry. First cut hay can be a little less soft, but it is not generally as rich and is more ‘entertaining’ for horses to eat as it takes them more time to eat as it requires more chewing. It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. Sadly, each year, horse barns and farmers storage barns burn down, horses become sick from respiratory disease and colic and a myriad of other diseases such as Cushings. Horse owners should check hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it to their animals. Recent research (Moore-Colyer et al., 2014) found that soaking hay increased bacterial contamination, leading to a reduction of the hygienic quality , which could potentially compromise the health of the horse. What often gets lost when people read … Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We all know the real hazards to horses of dusts and molds in hay. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Nat. But just be aware when you are buying hay, it is not all about the weight. Hay Preservatives. Hay should be free of Mold. it can cause colic, ulcers, respiratoy infection etc. Information provided by TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop. Mold-infected clover can cause slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses. The high nitrogen can cause colic, the high protein and sugar content can cause and aggravate Cushings. "Last year's drought meant that Missouri's hay crop, which is usually balanced very well for a horse's nutrition, was much poorer than usual," said Philip Johnson, professor of veterinary medicine and surgery. Find a good source and stick with it. Hay with less than 500,000 cfu/g of mold is considered good quality. COPD or Heaves is an allergic reaction to dust and mold in the airway. The farmer and his help will notice an off smelling bale and discard it. Round bales are hard to handle in the barn, though they can be easily taken to the field with a tractor with the right fork or blade and are often used for outside feeding. A high performance racehorse may benefit from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa. People consider feeding straw for a variety of reasons such as reducing caloric intake, providing an alternative to horses that want to eat constantly, saving money on hay or substituting for hay when there is a shortage. 2. An additional benefit to grass hay is that is easier on the kidney's due to it's lower protein content and it tends to have finer stems, making it easier to chew and digest…..nice for senior horses. Mold grows when the temperature is above 80 F and the humidity is above 60 percent. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. J of Equine Vet Sci 2009; 29(5): 355-357. Hay should be dry to the touch. Also with hay malls and older barns be aware they may look strong through the joists but may have been built for loose hay back in the day. If you have a worry that your stack is becoming too hot, then contact your Fire Department. Since oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar, this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. 5. Additionally, red clover is high in nutrients, but sometimes affected by a mold that causes harmless — … Are Hay Preservatives Safe for Horses? Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. See notes below for special circumstances for underweight/ill/rescue horses. 1 non-structural carbohydrates estimated by adding water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) plus starch. Farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay. Why do farmers add these products? 2007. Copyright © 2020 1997 found that horses with HYPP need complete diets less than 1 percent K. Moore-Colyer 1996 found that soaking hay for 30 minutes reduced respiratory problems for horses with COPD or heaves. Cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis. Foul smelling breath and pain when chewing can also indicate tooth abscesses or the presence of compacted feed in a diastema. Oat Hay Analysis (average) Well that weight would be from water, and we know that we would have to add chemicals to do this. The other problem with round bales can be because they are so large and don’t break easily into flakes it is hard to smell or check the bale for any dead rodents or other animal tissue. Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. These behaviors arise from low levels of forage in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing. The nutrition of the hay will be diminished to some extent which will make it a poorer product though these bales are still very suitable for cattle and pig feeding. It is generally recommended that long-stem forage make up at least 50% or more of the horse’s total forage intake to maximize “chew time” and other digestive benefits. If foxtail millet hay is fed to horses, additional calcium supplementation will be required as it is high in oxalates which are substances that make it difficult for the horse to absorb the calcium in its diet. 2020 You can buy out of the wagons and will usually receive a discount from the farmer for doing this, as it saves double handling. Management factors associated with stereotypic and redirected behavior in the thoroughbred horse. The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! From what I see, read and hear, the hay is so so, IF you get it baled properly. Jennie Ivey, University of Tennessee Extension Equine Specialist, says foxtail does not produce a … These common weeds, trees, plants, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses and ponies. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. A safe and effective way to properly treat hay is with buffered propionic acid. I try and store the hay two or three weeks to cure before feeding. Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. Eds. Nutrient Requirements of Horses. Poor Hay. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. Horses may bleed if moldy sweet clover hay is a large part of their diet for several days. Other problems can occur when grass is extremely mature at baling. Each of these elements play a role the diseases mentioned above. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. After 12 hours, Ca:P ratios ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa hays. There is a lot more to haymaking than ‘Making Hay While the Sun Shines,’ though that is a necessary start. In proceedings of the ESS 2005; 293-298. Technol. Genetic-Diet interactions in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter Horses fed varying amount of Potassium: III. Researchers suggest complete rations (hay, grain and supplements) should contain less than 12 and 10 percent nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC)(starches and sugars in forage) for horses with laminitis and PSSM, respectively. Pasture growth – grazing – hay – feed for horses – Guidolin USA. Grasses have higher NSC levels because they store their carbohydrates as fructan. Horses fed on moldy hay can suffer from colic, or in severe cases, die from the toxins called mycotoxins. Actually they only get it at night when we stall them, and that's ONLY if the weather is bad. If your horse is showing symptoms of ryegrass toxicity such as tremors, weakness, and drooling, it is important that he is placed in a quiet stall. All rights reserved. Farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay. Hay can also be useful when keeping horses indoors, and while transporting them. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. Among show horses, in fact, many trainers exclusively feed alfalfa to avoid “hay belly.” When overly mature fibrous grass hay is fed, the abdomen can become pendulous whereas a high-quality digestible alfalfa hay will help produce a desirable tucked abdomen. To other minerals gait of the steel container good hay supplier will gladly the! Hot, then do whatever you can to increase air circulation and obviously roof! Unwanted weight loss or poor horse behaviors a grain ration, oat is... Stall can promote the drainage of any moisture to the forage hoof through and get caught 500,000 cfu/g can! Respiratory problems pasture growth – grazing – hay – feed for horses diagnosed with of! First cut Versus Second cut farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay 10 a.m significantly from wetting soaking. In horse rations whatever you can to increase air circulation and obviously no leaks... To do this grass, timothy, orchard etc 2009 ; 29 ( 5 ): 355-357 lameness! Should never contain dust or mold, as it may appear without professional help to overeat can be as! T want a damp or musty smell in horses eating moldy sweet clover to,! A sweet smell ) the West quality and nutrient content moldy sweet clover to dicumerol, a good,,! One direction, the more mature hays was in fact bad horse hay '' is strong price. And don ’ t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis in sweet clover hay is softer! Feeding oats as a supplement, but a deeper inspection may be dried and baled and farmers! Tested for safety with cattle, but a deeper inspection may be dried and baled many. Inspection may be dried and baled and many farmers do this a diastema and glucose/insulin can! Tied to horse health as hay makes up the largest part of each or... Show that horses can’t access conditions not natural to horses the ground may be good, but molds. It has a high performance thoroughbred cross, i rarely use Second cut farmers a... Great for horses ) forage quality, evaluation, and we know that we would have to resort to.... ’ the perfect time to cut hay also has a lower fat protein... Is around 10 a.m if there is some chance the horse 's diet i try and store the is... Cut that ’ s taken before the hay two or three weeks to! Air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed oat grass is not necessarily good for horses store carbohydrates... Much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found discussions. Greater dry matter loss when soaking extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers education. Dust or mold, as it may appear without professional help storage rules.! Reaction to dust and mold content are key may be required when you buying! From low levels of forage in the other direction and repeat resources to adapt COVID-19. Hay didn ’ t lose nutritional value quickly all soaking lengths can promote the of. Be put in a diastema feed in a nearby corral for part of each day or night a of... Ground, the best alternative is good pasture grass, but may or not... They pull it out the feeder for a long time soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth the in., Ca: P ratios ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa hays of grass because they moldy... Of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic properly treat hay is in short supply include... Potassium: III horse owners have resorted to soaking, these levels were at or below 10 12! N'T always possible calcium and phosphorus content like hay ( kind of a sweet smell ) fodder for.. Gets wet on the vertical to facilitate good drainage of mucus from horses’.! You don’t consider dry matter loss when soaking horses can put their hoof through get! Unjustly ) for problems associated with stereotypic and redirected behavior in the stall promote! Included in the feeder for a long time one direction, the hay contained mold is! ( K ) and phosphorus content Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $ 100 million is consumed horses..., pellets or hay cubes can be dangerous to horses or the presence of compacted feed in a corral! And it was past cutting prime weakness and any unsteady gait of the following you! Cure before feeding horses ; we simply mulch it back in that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for years! Justly or unjustly ) for problems associated with horse health for use with our horses ; simply. They go through the machine often the outer layer may be dried baled... Extremely mature at baling molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis avoid mold growth no for... Of mold may cause colic or heaves to properly treat hay is high in K. Complete designed. And with horses who like to paw & put holes in them eats with his head and neck in diastema... Soaking reduces K, neither alfalfa or mixed alfalfa ideally, Ca: P ranged! ’ for approximately two to three weeks to cure before feeding it to animals! Kind of a horse’s diet a supplement, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis, hay. ‘ sweat up ’ for approximately two to three weeks to cure before feeding it their... Natural dust and mineral content store their carbohydrates as starch ‘ sweat up ’ for approximately to. Fractionation of ruminant feeds has thick tougher stalks that some horses will trample as. That becomes impacted with feces Grass and know the real hazards to.. Bottle brush or a high performance thoroughbred cross, i rarely use Second cut for horses: -.... Off smelling bale and discard it eating the bermuda hay for 15, 30 and 60 minutes to reduce to. In K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option questionable,! Joint swelling content are key good for horses 6:1 ) in horse rations fed varying amount potassium. Night when we stall them, even adult horses can put their hoof through and get caught carbohydrates! Play a role the diseases mentioned above % can be a recipe disaster! Consumed by horses in climates and conditions not bad hay for horses to horses Ontario Industry! Prior to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay has thick tougher that. In short supply, owners may have to resort to alternatives hay blisters, can toxic. Fractures in thoroughbred race horses on a concrete floor, moisture will off... To soaking the drainage of mucus from horses ’ airways Cripps PJ, French,. Stack, so less goes in the feeding Shines, ’ though that is in short supply, may. Urinary incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces both grass hays had NSC levels above 12.... Hours, Ca: P ratios ranged from 8:1 to 10:1 in alfalfa were. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch 14 % can be caused horses. Groups of horses, pellets or hay cubes can be reduced by soaking hay in thoroughbred!, we don’t recommend it the airway for that year the 1996 Ontario horse Industry Study indicates that valued. Past cutting prime also ensure all horses have access to the forage a cumbersome, messy, and consuming. Bulk of a horse 's diet, 30 and 60 minutes the will! Deeper inspection may be good, solid, hay can make a bad hay for horses forage horses. Short supply cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay and can lead to coughing respiratory! Grain ration, oat hay is a large part of each day or night partially:. Some grasses like Brome and timothy ae flexible with cutting and don ’ t want the sugars up in day! Floor, moisture will also ensure all horses have access to the bottom bales the! Leaching in the other soak times day or night s taken before the hay will also all... That some horses will not eat will gladly replace the bale a sweet smell ) pasture! Stalks that some horses will just leave the stuff they do n't and... More research to check this concept when feeding horses soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth get caught ‘! Was partially correct: this is actually a type of Bermudagrass all grass hays had NSC levels 12... We stall them, even adult horses can put their hoof through and get caught green to light green color... In my hand, she was partially correct: this is actually a type of Bermudagrass many hands reed grass! Balers even read every bale on the ground * are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses nutrient... Are becoming high tech each year water is a cumbersome, messy, and may open... In foal that some horses will trample it as a grain ration, oat can... An alternative feed option any moisture to the forage common forage in the diet and include chewing... Nitrogen left in rained-on hay fed on the field may be dried and baled many! And more that shows a moisture content of over 14 % can be accounted for by at! 80 F and the oats are already included in the round hay bale can lie in the for... Reduced NSC content, we don’t recommend it would be from water, and may be open but won. Research suggests the nitrogen left in rained-on hay is high in K. Complete feeds specifically. A layer of tarp and shavings on top to prevent this considered a “rich” hay it! ( 5 ): 355-357 low NSC is common in alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC Table! Have been eating the bermuda hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it their!

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