The possible answer that you may present is that about 75% of Nigerians. FREE NOUN COURSE MATERIALS. The Hausa people themselves are groupings of a number of different people who have been incorporated into the “original” stock through conquest and assimilation. As already mentioned, agricultural activities are spread all over the federation. After independence agricultural activities declined due to stagnation of the sector in favour of the oil sector which became a major catalyst for the myriad of problems facing Nigeria such as corruption, nepotism, ethno-religious crises etc. These include: We acknowledge the vital contribution of Professor Mala M. Daura, Vice-Chancellor, University of Maiduguri, the significant contribution of Dr. Saleh M. Joji, Director, Centre for Distance Learning, University of Maiduguri and the reviewers: Professor Yakubu Mukhtar, Professor Mohammed Kyari, Professor Abubakar H. Tukur, Professor Duro Adeleke, Dr. Abdullahi Bashir, Professor Mohammed Ibrahim, Dr. Mohammed L. Mele and C. A. Ogidan. The amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates to produce Nigeria. Maybe you have knowledge that, people have search numerous times for their chosen books like this noun course material, but end up in harmful downloads. They belong to the Niger-Congo linguistic subgroup and they speak Izon. In the south it extended to the Old Oyo and crosses the Benue. Most of the people in these areas claim their origins from Hausa or Jukun ancestors. Ikporukpo, B. C. O. (Refer to Fig. Those who hold hereditary offices constitute the sub-class of Masu Sarauta Na Asali while those who hold office of allegiance form the Masu Sarauta Na Cafka, and they constitute the middle class. This version attributes the foundation of the Kanem-Borno polity to the great Arab hero Saif bin Dhi Yazan of Himyar, which supposedly happened between the 9th and the 10th centuries CE. We must therefore fight corruption and bribery from all fronts. There are various forms of environmental problems that human activities have caused. For instance, one language may have several varieties which at times are not mutually intelligible. In 1957 and 1958 constitutional conferences were held for the purpose of resolving some issues such as the minority problem and charting the way forward for the granting of self- government in 1960. And the biosphere is the zone of the earth’s planet that contains living organisms. Trace the negative impact of indirect rule on emirs and chiefs. Politically, the zone is also different from the rain forest people who are known for empires and monarchies. It was Lugard who proclaimed the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria. The British colonial master’s rule through the traditional rule is called indirect rule. In another vein, examination misconduct has become endemic in our nation’s institutions. Compared to the Central Zone, this part of Nigeria is less culturally diverse. The “So” version reveals that Kanuri were the original settlers in Kanem-Borno. Enugu: Barlos publisher. They also cultivate cassava but not in commercial quantity. outline the possible solutions to environmental problems. This is another notable culture in Nigeria. Egypt coptic and 3. Similarly, there are societal elders constituting authority based on the village system and there are representative title holders who constitute a councilor court for discharging laws and justice in the whole kingdom. Poverty promotes underdevelopment iii. The Yoruba operate patrilineal societies. AND. The leadership of the Bini people was based on segmentary system where authority is exercised right from the family. This is the result of rising level of population of the country. Fig. However, from 1980 to the present, GNP per capita dropped. Some of these penalties are: ITQ Based on your study of this unit, what are the specific government policies aimed at strengthening the citizenship education in Nigeria? That is why even when a country is called self-reliant it is always very necessary to identify and examine likely factors which enhance a country’s economic self-reliance capabilities on a consistent basis. (Fig. A sizeable number also settled in Sudan en route to or from Mecca. The major components of the natural environment are: the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere and the biosphere. Enumerate the negatives attitudes of a Nigerian Youth. ii. ...ensuring grievances and complaints from staff and students in NOUN are treated timely and effectively. These deposits are scattered in almost all parts the country. Thugs who have been trained in the art of using modern weapons are now using the weapons at their disposal negatively. The Muslim Hausa had a large centralized system. Finally, there was the amalgamation of 1914, which brought the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria and the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria into one single entity known as the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria on 1st January 1914. When a privilege is contained in the constitution of a country, it is known as a civil right. This allowed for power to be shared between the central and the regional governments but the central government was empowered to have control over the regional governments in some matters. It is even considered a sin before God for one to expose any part of one’s body that is considered sacred. This Oba was later called Eweka. The Goal here is to make available 5000 NOUN Exam Past Questions for FREE Downloads. The Northern and Central Zones are similar in their way of farming. Just as is the case with their number, linguists also disagree on any single classification scheme for African languages. He was also the chief executive and judge of the state. All rights reserved. Many students have perfected ways of cheating in examinations. You may recall that the success of the Jihad campaigns of Shehu Usman Danfodiyo in Hausaland at the beginning of the 19th century, gave birth to the Sokoto Caliphate (see Fig. While the ‘owe’ was not reciprocal. 47, 7.3 Nigerian Economic System Pre- and post-Independence. 5.1 Map showing the amalgamation of Nigeria. He was expected to pay tribute to Etsu. Nzemeke, A. D. & Erhagbe, E. 0. R.C.C. Plot 91, Cadastral Zone In Nigeria, the majority of the languages belong to the Niger-Congo Phylum, though there are a substantial number of languages belonging to the Afro-Asiatic phylum especially the Chadic family (Hausa, Marghi, Pabir-Bura, Bole, Karekare, Tangale, etc.). For Mobile users: click and hold on the file you wish to download then you’ll see a menu pop up, click download link. SAQ 6.3 (tests Learning Outcome 6.1, 6.2). Otite, O. 3.7: Map showing areas of Igbo influence. These states account for fifty percent of the culture of Nigeria. (1988). In 1900 the Niger Coast protectorate was amalgamated with the Colony of Lagos to form the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria. The economic situation of Nigeria today is negatively different from that of the past. They are described differently as follows: “Peul” by the Wolof, “Fula” by the Bambara, “Fellata” by the Kanuri and are generally called Fulani by other Nigerians. (Ref Fig. What compounds this problem further is the existence of different varieties of the same language, otherwise known as dialects. The majority of the Nigerian Languages belong to the Niger-Congo groupings and the remaining languages are distributed between Afroasiatic and Nilo-Sahara groups. The western Delta Ijaw also speak Edoid languages while the Ogbia clan, the Andoni as well as the Obulom speak Cross-River languages. The Nuclear family ii. Due to early contact with the Europeans on the river Niger, they are highly westernized. Before independence, agriculture accounted for over fifty percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nigeria. However, in the western and eastern regions it was not so successful. NOUN 6 Working Through This Course To complete this course, you are required to read the study units, read set books and other materials on the course. This did not stop the British from introducing them anyway. ITA You may recall such linguistic groupings like, Afroasiatic, Khoisan, NigerCongo and Nilo-Sahara. ), Environmental issues and management in Nigerian development (pp. The Yoruba are mostly traders and craftsmen. In the National Question and Economic Development in Nigeria: Proceedings of the NES Annual Conference, Ibadan, 1993. Though you should be aware that there’s a new updates of Course Codes and Titles on some of these materials. The former are at the top of the hierarchy, while the Masu Sarauta are holders of offices. This system created the illusion of Africans ruling themselves and significantly reduced the cost of administration. The general characteristic of this zone is the small population size they have. As for the Nupe Culture, some scholars argued that they originated from Egypt. & O. T. Badejo (2001): Impacts of Oil spills along the Nigerian coast The Association for Environmental Health and Sciences. Mention three versions of the origins of the Bini People. Isekiri – Segmentary iv. For example, the offices of the Galadima (senior counselor), Madawaki (palace administrator), Magaji (overseer), Dogari (guard), and Zagi (orderly) have roots in the Islamization of Hausaland during the two centuries. The Trans-Atlantic slave trade also led to their forced migration to the Americas where Yoruba cultural traditions have endured to the present in Brazil (as Lucumi), in Trinidad and Tobago and in Cuba, amongst many other places. The focus will be on their origins and their socio-political organisations. NOTE: For Desktop/laptop users: left click on the file you wish to download when it opens click Ctrl+S and then save as pdf. Examples of such are Jukun, Mumuye, Tere, Kaka, Koro, Anaguta, Zaranda, Vomni, Mbula, Chuomu, Lan, Njirai, Vemgo, Wula, Higgi, Gade, Rubu, Amo, Kurama, Burom, Kakanda, Tarok. Having studied this unit, you must have learned about the causes of environmental problems in your environment, outline the possible solutions to these problems. As far as Nigeria is concerned, it is very difficult, if not impossible, to claim that she is economically self-reliant. Ityavyar, D. A. When you have studied this unit, you should be able to: 1.1 define and use correctly all of the key words printed in bold; (SAQ 1.1 and 1.2), 1.2 identify the origins of the following ethnic groups: Hausa, Fulani, Kanuri, and Nupe; (SAQ 1.1), 1.3 outline the socio-political organizations of these cultures. As one moves from the south to the north, the vegetation progressively changes from tropical rain forest to savannah grassland. The findings at this site indicate a very well developed economy with surplus to engage in artistic production. For instance, it is related that the seven original Hausa states of Daura, Kano, Zaria, (Zazzau) Kakaina, Rano, Biram and Gobir were founded by the children of a certain Bawo, son of a certain migrant prince of Baghdad, variously called Abu Yazid or Abu Yazidu or Bayajjida. The other families within Niger-Congo are: West Atlantic (Fulbe), Mande (Busa and Shanga), and Gur (Baatonun). He (Edegi) was also believed to have had an Igala father and a Nupe mother. Sarkin Makera of the blacksmith, Sarkin Makada of the drummers, the Imam etc. With religious practices you gathered in studying this section, you can. Based on what you have studied in this unit, provide the type of pollution that are problems to the environment. Welcome to your Nigerian Peoples and Culture. Citizenship by Registration: A person can become a citizen of another country by registration by going through the guidelines stipulated by the law of the land. list the rights and obligations of a Nigerian Citizen; outline the patterns of acquiring the Nigerian Citizenship, and. SAQ 7.3 (tests Learning Outcomes 1.1 and 1.3). Northern Zone – Blacksmithing, Sculpture, Leather Work, Central Zone – Fishing, Witchcraft, Magic/Sorcery and Farming. Among the Jukun, he is referred to as “Chido” or “Shido”, etc. Uwaoma, N. (2001). In terms of style, the artifacts found at Igbo-Ukwu are not similar to the Bini, Ife or any other Nigerian arts; they are originally local in shape and content. . Nigeria is a country of paradox: Nigeria is regarded as a poor country despite the abundance of human and natural resources. The Fulani ethnic group is largely nomadic. 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